National Waste Management Strategy

The Grenada Waste Management Act, 2001 requires the Minister responsible for health (Minister of Health and Environment) to produce a National Waste Management Strategy (NWMS). Once passed by Cabinet, the NWMS becomes a legally binding document, serving as a blueprint to define actions necessary to support the provisions of the Waste Management Act. Further, the Minister of Health is obliged to update the NWMS every five years.

The attached document provides a draft version of Grenada’s first NWMS, developed through a cooperative effort of the Grenada Solid Waste Management Authority (GSWMA) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States Environment and Sustainable Development Unit (OECS ESDU) over a five month period ending in April 2003. The preparation of the draft NWMS included consultation with a broad range of waste management stakeholders within Grenada.

With reference to the Waste Management Act, this document is to be used by the Minister of Health as the basis for a formalized public review program. Upon the completion of the public review, the Minister is to develop (as necessary) a revised version of the draft NWMS for submission to Cabinet; Cabinet then has the option to either approve the draft as the final NWMS or to refer the document back to the Minister with direction to correct identified deficiencies. Once approved by Cabinet, any person or entity undertaking functions under the Waste Management Act is obliged to comply with requirements contained within the NWMS. Within the attached draft version of the NWMS, a Cabinet approval date of September 2003 has been assumed.

Founded on the significant progress made in waste management over the last number of years, the draft NWMS presents 18 Action Items to be implemented in Grenada during the initial five year period, beginning October 2003. These Action Items are representative of the priority issues identified during the stakeholder consultations. Noted themes of the Action Items developed for this draft NWMS are the establishment of effective mechanisms to deal with littering and illegal disposal including increased public education and enforcement efforts and the clarification of roles and responsibilities identified within the Waste Management Act. It is acknowledged that the next version of the NWMS, to be prepared within five years of the adoption of the initial Strategy, is likely to have a differing list of action items, reflective of the specific priorities of the day.

Table E-1 presents a summary of the 18 recommended Action Items contained within the NWMS. In many cases, the GSWMA is to serve at the lead agency in the implementation of the noted action; in others, the Ministry of Health is the designated entity with primary responsibility. Regardless, effective implementation of the recommended actions will require a cooperative effort of public and private sector interests. Conceptual level costs, GSWMA professional staff time estimates and associated implementation timelines are developed for each of the Action Items. Referring to all 18 initiatives, total estimated “Establishment/Implementation” (E/I) and recurring annual “Operation and Maintenance” (O/M) costs are forecasted at EC$1,001,000 and EC$884,000, respectively. In addition, to meet a specific obligation included in the Act, an annual waste management reserve fund allowance of EC$1,050,000 is recommended.

Recent data indicate that the quantity of waste generated in Grenada could grow from the current value of approximately 30,000 tonnes to over 38,000 tonnes by 2021. Based on available information, the 18 Action Items can achieve a waste diversion rate of up to 21% by 2006. The implementation of the NWMS will contribute to the protection of the environment and nation’s critical tourism resource, create private and public sector employment, and extend the life of the new waste disposal facilities in Grenada and Carriacou.